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Adverse Light Conditions- Some hazards that contribute to crashes and violations may include:

Too much light: for example, sunrise, sunset, glare, street lights headlights.

Defenses:
Proper use of sun visor.
If the oncoming vehicle has high beam lights on, look at the solid white line to the right or side of the road until the vehicle passes.
Wear appropriate sunglasses.
A safe following distance.
Hazards:
Too little light: dusk, dawn, nighttime, no street lights.
Defenses:
Use headlights in reduced light conditions.
Increase following distance.

Adverse weather conditions - Some weather-related hazards that contribute to crashes and violations may include:

Reduced visibility.
Reduced vehicle traction.
Reduced steering control.

Defenses:
Use windshield wipers.
Use windshield wiper fluid.
Wipers on, headlights on.
Clear all windows
Use low-beam headlights in fog.
Practice using anti-lock brakes before you need them in an emergency.
Delay the trip, if possible, until the conditions improve.

Some road hazards that contribute to crashes and violations include:

Shape of the road.
Surface of the road.
Shoulder of the road.
Highway work zone sites.
Construction vehicles will enter and leave the construction zones at low speed and at unexpected places.

In construction zones, workers and construction activities may overlap into driving lanes. Hazards may be present even when no construction activity is underway; for instance, large edge drop offs, rough pavement, sharp turns, misleading old pavement markings.

Defenses:
Slow down
Drive at the recommended speed
Maintain vehicle control.
Obey work zone flaggers and all traffic control devices
Expect the unexpected
Scan ahead and behind your vehicle

Some traffic hazards that contribute to crashes and violations may include:

Variety of vehicles with different sizes, speeds, blind spots
Congestion
Pedestrian traffic
Emergency vehicles
School buses

Blind spots for various vehicles, including large trucks, passenger cars, utility vans, sports utility vehicles. Driving in those blind spots is hazardous.

If the vehicle swerved you might get hit.
If the vehicle changed lanes suddenly, you might get it.

Emergency vehicles - When an emergency vehicle is approaching you should:

Drive to the right of your lane or to the shoulder.
Stop, if you cannot drive to the right of your lane.

The emergency vehicle may be responding to a possible life-threatening situation. It is your responsibility to do what you can.

Some hazardous vehicle conditions that contribute to crashes and violations may include:

Worn tires
Improper tire inflation
Non-functional directional signals
Headlights not working or poorly aimed
Poor condition of failure of brakes
Worn wipers
Lack of washer fluid
Low on fuel

Defenses:
Regular vehicle maintenance
Pre-trip vehicle checks
Once in the vehicle check, lock the doors and adjust the seat
Use the appropriate occupant-protection devices and adjust the mirrors
Know your vehicle
Read the owner's manual

Some hazardous driver conditions that can contribute to crashes and violations may include:

Fatigue/drowsiness
Stress
Emotions
Illness
Inexperience
Limited mobility
Reduced hearing
Limited vision

Defenses:
Fatigue: take rest breaks every 100 miles or two hours, talk with passengers, get off the road and get some sleep before continuing, don't drink even small amounts of alcohol.
Illness: don't drive for long distances, know the effect that any medication you may be taking may have on your driving ability.
Vision: turn your head to check blind spots, wear your glasses or corrective lenses, do not look directly into bright light, keep your windows and windshields clean.
Hearing: keep volume of the sound system in your vehicle low enough to hear outside sounds, ask passengers to speak at low levels, check mirrors frequently to compensate for limited hearing ability.
Limited mobility: make necessary adjustments before moving the vehicle, drive vehicles with power accessories, install large well-place mirrors, wear safety belts for protection and support, sit on a cushion to make the seat firmer and more comfortable.